After you cleanse your face, this is the time you want to use targeted skin care products to treat different skin issues you want to focus on improving. Many of these products are lighter creams or serums, which should be applied before your moisturizer or sun care products in order to get the optimal absorption and penetration of the product for the best results.
As we age it is important to consider changing your routine to focus on different things to prevent the signs of aging or other skin issues that can arise over time. There are many different products that can be incorporated into your routine based on your age, skin type and issues you want to address such as fine lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, redness and acne.
Retinol is a derivative of vitamin-A that is used to treat many skin issues, including wrinkles, fine lines, sun spots, crepiness, dullness and sagging skin. Retinol gets rid of dead cells on the top layers of your skin that cause dullness. It also promotes cell turnover along with boosting collagen and elastin by stimulating cellular repair. Retinol increases blood-vessel formation, which increases circulation and makes your skin look healthier. Retinols work to exfoliate dead and problematic layers of the skin and promote the production of younger cells. They also increase the amount of hyaluronic acid and collagen we produce, helping to make the skin more supple and smooth. Retinol is often referred to as a skincare miracle because of its ability to treat acne, firm the skin and reduce hyperpigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles, and dark circles.
There are different retinol strengths, and it can be best to begin with a lower strength and work your way up to a stronger one. Retinol Complex 0.25 is a great retinol product for all skin types to start with. Once you have used the 0.25 complex to pre-condition your skin, you can begin using the Retinol Complex 0.5, or the stronger Retinol Complex 1.0.
Alpha-hydroxy acids are derived from fruit and milk and include lactic acid (milk), glycolic acid (sugar cane) and malic acid (apples and pears), among others. AHAs work to exfoliate the skin and make it more radiant. They also smooth lines, help fade blotches and allow other anti-aging ingredients to penetrate faster and work more effectively. In this way, exfoliating cleansers that contain AHA’s like this AHA/BHA Exfoliating cleanser help to scrub away dead skin cells to improve the tone and texture of your skin, while helping your other products to be more effective.
There are also exfoliating creams that contain AHA’s like an AHA/BHA Cream that work to brighten the skin while adding some moisture, instead of using harsh scrubs.
Peptides are active proteins that can instruct cells on how to behave in particular ways. Peptides can initiate elastin production in the skin, which helps it to “bounce back.” They can also tell the skin to heal itself after being wounded. Anti-aging products use peptides to penetrate skin cells and instruct them to do things like alleviate redness, produce collagen or signal muscles to relax, minimizing wrinkles. The following products contain peptides, along with other ingredients to help moisturize, protect and repair your skin:
Hydroquinone is an effective ingredient for reducing sun spots and blotches on the skin. It is one of the most effective ingredients for lightening the skin and works to fade hyperpigmentation by directly blocking the enzyme in the skin that triggers melanin production. Unfortunately, when used over time or by people with certain skin types, hydroquinone can have some negative effects. Initially, it suppresses hyperpigmentation, but if used for a while it can actually damage your pigment cells, causing the skin to turn a bluish or blackish color. It also causes your skin to be more sensitive to the sun and prone to damage. Because of this, hydroquinone should be used with caution.
Vitamin C is an important antioxidant that plays a role in combating dark spots. It helps to inhibit the enzyme tyrosinase that is involved with melanin production. Vitamin C also promotes healthy, glowing skin and significantly lightens pigmentation, but does not lighten normal skin color.
While both the above ingredients are great for brightening the complexion, there are other products available that do not contain either and are still very effective in correcting hyperpigmentation, preventing new dark spots and protecting the skin:
Rosacea is a chronic condition that is usually associated with redness of the skin. There are different subtypes of Rosacea that can also have other symptoms including flushing, acne-like breakouts, swelling, visible blood vessels, thickening of skin and red, irritated eyes. There is no cure for Rosacea, but using gentle products and protecting your skin can help to avoid flare-ups, and also knowing what your triggers are, which can be environmental or diet related. One product that has been proven to help with the appearance of the redness associated with Rosacea is:
A lot of what is done with skincare products is a type of chemical exfoliation, which helps to rid your skin of dead skin cells and reveal new ones. Regular physical exfoliation at home with things like facial scrubs can help your facial products penetrate deeper and leave your skin smoother and fresher looking.
While an at-home skincare regimen can help to greatly improve the condition of your skin, sometimes you need to do more to get the results you are looking for. Visiting a professional for treatments such as chemical peels can help you more rapidly achieve greater results, which can then be maintained with your at-home regimen and maintenance treatments.